alexa Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: A Threat for Housewives | OMICS International
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: A Threat for Housewives

Mirzaei J1*, Jannesar Borujerdi Y1, Zavehzad A1, Ziaee M1, Hoseini Shokouh SJ2, Abolghasemi S3 and Shayesteh M3
1Birjand University of medical sciences, Iran
2Aja University of medical sciences, Iran
3Ghazvin University of medical sciences, Iran
Corresponding Author : Jamal Mirzaei
Hepatitis Research Centre
Infectious Disease Specialist
Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran
E-mail: [email protected]
Received October 24, 2012; Accepted November 26, 2012; Published November 28, 2012
Citation: Mirzaei J, Jannesar Borujerdi Y, Zavehzad A, Ziaee M, Hoseini Shokouh SJ, et al. (2012) Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: A Threat for Housewives. J Clin Case Rep 2:200. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000200
Copyright: © 2012 Mirzaei J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a tick-born disease. It is usually transmitted to man following a tick bite or through contact with the blood of an infected patient or blood-contaminated specimens. The mortality rate of CCHF is up to 30%. Five cases of our 7 cases had contacted with livestock or their products. Malaise was the most frequent complaint and fever placed in the second position. Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and transaminase increases reported in all seven cases. All patients were treated with oral Ribavirin. Both RT-PCR and ELISA tests on serum samples were positive in all cases. As seen in this study and similar studies contact with livestock and animal products is one of the main factors in the transmission of the disease. So, we can conclude that education and awareness of higher risk groups can play a significant role in reducing the risk of being infected with the virus.

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