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ISSN: 2167-0269

Journal of Tourism & Hospitality
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Case Report

Critical Tourism: Assessing Snow-Based Practice in Finnish Lapland

Ayonghe Akonwi Nebasifu1* and Francisco Cuogo2

1Department of Social Sciences, University of Lapland, Finland

2Department of Political Science and International Relations, School of Economics and Management, University of Minho, Portugal

*Corresponding Author:
Ayonghe Akonwi Nebasifu
Department of Social Sciences
University of Lapland, P.O.Box 122
FIN-96101 Yliopistonkatu 8, Finland
Tel: +358 16 341341
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 03, 2017; Accepted date: July 12, 2017; Published date: July 19, 2017

Citation: Nebasifu AA, Cuogo F (2017) Critical Tourism: Assessing Snow-Based Practice in Finnish Lapland. J Tourism Hospit 6: 296. doi: 10.4172/2167-0269.1000296

Copyright: © 2017 Nebasifu AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Touring, traveling, or moving from one place to another for purpose of business, leisure, either locally or internationally, is known as tourism. In many countries, tourism forms an integral part of economic development through job creation, infrastructural investments, and income provision. One of the root causes for global tourism growth has been the industrial revolution in Great Britain around the 19th century. This was characterized by a transition from hand production to use of machinery, including improved steam and water power, emergence of textile industry, new modes of iron production, which all became known as factory system. Entrepreneurship and consumerism served as driving forces for the industrial revolution which then expanded around the world. By the 20th century, the movement of people across regions enhanced following improvements in transportation. However, the revolution also meant an increase demand for workers in factories. Apart from industrial work, leisure accounted for movement of people during breaks from work. Although mass movement may result to income growth, it equally raises pertinent questions of how environments are constructed to suit the needs of people arriving, what kind of threats emerge from such destinations and perhaps what can be done to address such problems? Thus, this paper uses a review of web-based texts and critical tourism approach to seek an understanding of tourism from different perspectives which address the potentials and threats in tourism. Using the case of Finnish Lapland, our observations show that snow is essential to boosting tourism. However, habits towards climate change are a threat to sustaining snow tourism in the region. The paper then proposes economic diversification as a way forward.

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