Cultural and Social Aspects of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drug Use in Albania and the Role of Alcoholic Abstinence in Disease Prevention
- *Corresponding Author:
- Doksani S
Service of Alcohol Addiction
University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: September 06, 2016 Accepted Date: October 07, 2016; Published Date: October 14, 2016
Citation: Doksani S, Roshi E (2016) Cultural and Social Aspects of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drug Use in Albania and the Role of Alcoholic Abstinence in Disease Prevention. J Alcohol Drug Depend 4:251. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000251
Copyright: © 2016 Doksani S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: The aim of our brief research report is to give a general view of the Albanian situation regarding cultural and social aspects of alcohol, tobacco and drug use in Albania, with special emphasis on the importance of alcoholic abstinence in disease prevention. Objectives: Where to review available data on culture and social aspect of alcohol, tobacco and drug use in Albania and to report on a study carried out in our service of alcohol dependence in Albania. Methods and materials: Data sources: We carried out a literature search and a review of policy papers and other published official documents from the government institutions in order to gather the most reliable and up-todate information on alcohol, tobacco and drugs used. The treatment and rehabilitation of alcohol dependence in Albania was evaluated based on different health reports from the Ministry of Health. Results: We observed high rates of tobacco, drug and alcohol dependence in Albania, and a contributing factor has been the difficult times in the country’s recent history as well as the consequence of different culture and social aspect in alcohol, drug and tobacco use. For a short time Albania has implemented the “twelve steps” of “Hudolin” model in the treatment and rehabilitation of alcohol dependence. Conclusion: The increasing rates of alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and drug use reflect different traditions and social aspect in the Albanian society. However, policymakers are primarily focusing on improving the treatment and rehabilitation of alcohol dependence.