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ISSN: 2167-1044

Journal of Depression and Anxiety
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Research Article

Cultural Validity and the Measurement of Social Anxiety: Asian American Groups are not Psychometrically Equivalent

Caitlin S Condit*, Michele M Carter, Dickson Tang and Lauren A Rothstein
American University, Washington, USA
*Corresponding Author : Caitlin Condit
M.A. Department of Psychology
American University
321 Asbury Building, Washington, USA
Tel: 410-310-5387
E-mail: [email protected]
Received November 20, 2014; Accepted January 20, 2015; Published January 23, 2015
Citation: Condit CS, Carter MM, Tang D, Rothstein LA (2015) Cultural Validity and the Measurement of Social Anxiety: Asian American Groups are not Psychometrically Equivalent. J Depress Anxiety 4:174. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.1000174
Copyright: © 2015 Condit CS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The present study examined the psychometric ethnic equivalence of the Social Phobia Scale (SPS) and the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS). Results from a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed a 3-factor solution for the South-Asian American sample that largely resembles results found in prior research conducted with Caucasian American samples. An exploratory factor analysis for the East-Asian American sample revealed a 5- factor solution. Four of the five factors consisted of items from both scales indicating the two scales do not assess social interaction versus social performance anxiety exclusively among East-Asian Americans. For both groups, correlations among measure total scores and individual factors indicated ethnic identity and self-construal did not influence the expression of social anxiety on these self-report scales. These findings suggest that the construct of social anxiety as measured by these scales differs between Asian American cultures and highlights the need to consider culture in the interpretation of these scales.

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