Current Aspects of High-Intensity Interval Training for Patients with Cardiac Disease
Division of Cardiology, Sankuro Hospital, 7-80 Kosaka-cho, Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-0035, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Ito S
Division of Cardiology, Sankuro Hospital, 7-80 Kosaka-cho
Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken, 471-0035, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 14, 2017; Accepted date: June 26, 2017; Published date: June 30, 2017
Citation: Ito S (2017) Current Aspects of High-Intensity Interval Training for Patients with Cardiac Disease. J Card Pulm Rehabil 1:110.
Copyright: © 2017 Ito S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
As an exercise training protocol in comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation, time-efficient high-intensity interval training (HIIT) has been investigated other than guideline based moderate-intensity continuous training. The scientific background of this protocol is that higher intensity exercise works to yield more improvement in aerobic and metabolic function by giving more stimuli to cardiopulmonary system and skeletal muscle. Among many combination of work interval, (active) rest, and frequency, most popular and evidence-based HIIT is 4 × 4 min. This protocol is the first one that has been investigated by multi center randomized controlled trials (RCT). In this mini-review, we discussed the current status and potential of HIIT for cardiac patients by commenting on the results of recently published multi center RCT and review articles.