Cycloplegic Refraction in Children with Cyclopentolate versus Atropine
|Qasim Kadhim Farhood*|
|Assistant Professor, College of Medicine - University of Babylon, Babil, Iraq|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr. Qasim Kadhim Farhood
Assistant Professor, College of Medicine - University of Babylon
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received July 11, 2012; Accepted August 06, 2012; Published August 06, 2012|
|Citation: Farhood QK (2012) Cycloplegic Refraction in Children with Cyclopentolate versus Atropine. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 3:239. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000239|
|Copyright: © 2012 Farhood QK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: The ideal cycloplegic drug that is safe, effective and convenient in children is not yet available. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of two cycloplegic regimens in hyperopic children. The responses to cycloplegia in different age groups and presence of strabismus were also compared.
Methods: It is the first study done in our country, atropine eye drops 1% (regimen I) and cyclopentolate eye drops 1% (regimen II) was evaluated in fifty children. Cycloplegic refractions were assessed.
Statistical analysis: The data are presented as mean and standard deviation (SD). Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software 17. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The total refractions were recorded after cycloplegia with atropine 1% or cyclopentolate 1% eye drops. Atropine refraction (mean+3.89 ± 2.45 D) was statically insignificantly comparing with cyclopentolate refraction (mean +3.58 ± 2.30 D; P>0.05
Conclusion: We suggest that the cyclopentolate applied to younger or older children is sufficient to produce good cycloplegia, with an effect similar to atropine.