alexa Cytotoxicity of Nutritional Supplement Galaxy® against HepG2 Hepatocellular Carcinoma
ISSN: 2327-5162

Alternative & Integrative Medicine
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Research Article

Cytotoxicity of Nutritional Supplement Galaxy® against HepG2 Hepatocellular Carcinoma

David B Jeffs, Alexander C Martin, Erick R Rosenvall, Tyson Fillmore, Katelyn E Barrett and Gary M Booth*

Brigham Young University, Department of Plant and Wildlife Sciences, Provo, Utah 84602, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Gary M Booth
Professor of Plant and Wildlife Sciences
Brigham Young University
5113 Life Science Building
Provo, Utah 84602, USA
Tel: 801-636-6363
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date June 18, 2014; Accepted date November 7, 2014; Published date November 9, 2014

Citation: Jeffs DB, Martin AC, Rosenvall ER, Fillmore T, Barrett KE, et al. (2014) Cytotoxicity of Nutritional Supplement Galaxy® against HepG2 Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Altern Integ Med 3:175. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000175

Copyright: © 2014 Jeffs DB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Current treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma consists of chemotherapy and invasive tumor removal surgery. These forms of treatment have often been disappointing while new and natural methods to treat liver cancer may be preferred. We tested the cytotoxic effects of the fruit mixture Galaxy® against HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro. Galaxy® was evaluated using three groups; thus, cytotoxicity bioassays were determined against: whole product (unfractionated), the supernatant, and the particulates. Paclitaxel, a major FDA-approved chemotherapeutic drug, was tested against HepG2 cells in order to compare the effectiveness of the Galaxy® matrices against traditional chemotherapy. In addition, a 24-hour bioassay was performed to compare the toxicity of Galaxy® each hour through the incubation period. Our results have shown that unfractionated Galaxy® has significant anticancer activity in vitro against HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma, killing 90% of cancer cells at 26.3 mg/mL. The particulates and supernatant fractions were also cytotoxic on liver cancer. The majority of anticancer activity was present in the particulate fraction which suggests that most of the anticancer agents are located primarily in the pulp and are membrane bound. While Galaxy® is not as effective as Paclitaxel at lower concentrations; our in vitro results clearly show that Galaxy® (all three matrices) may be an effective product against human hepatocellular carcinoma at higher concentrations. During the 24-hour cycle study, unfractionated Galaxy® showed a steady linear cytotoxic effect per hour. Collectively the data from these experiments suggest that Galaxy® merits serious consideration in the development of future research protocols.


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