alexa Death by Facial and Skull Injuries of a Motorcyclist Wearing a Full-Face Helmet: Case Report and Literature Review
ISSN: 2157-7145

Journal of Forensic Research
Open Access

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Case Report

Death by Facial and Skull Injuries of a Motorcyclist Wearing a Full-Face Helmet: Case Report and Literature Review

Elvira Ventura-Spagnolo1*, Cristina Mondello2, Luigi Cardia3, Orazio Ventura-Spagnolo2 and Giulio Cardia4

1Department for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy

2Department of Biomedical, Odontoiatric and Morphologic Functional Images Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

3Department of Radiology, Hospital “Carlo Basilotta”, Enna, Italy

4Department of Neurosciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

*Corresponding Author:
Elvira Ventura Spagnolo
Legal Medicine Section
Department for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care
University of Palermo
Via del Vespro 129
Plaermo, Sicily 90127, Italy
Tel: 00393496465532
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 03, 2016; Accepted date: October 31, 2016; Published date: November 03, 2016

Citation: Ventura-Spagnolo E, Mondello C, Cardia L, Ventura-Spagnolo O, Cardia G (2016) Death by Facial and Skull Injuries of a Motorcyclist Wearing a Full-Face Helmet: Case Report and Literature Review. J Forensic Res 7:349. doi:10.4172/2157-7145.1000349

Copyright: © 2016 Ventura-Spagnolo E, et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



We describe a case of death by facial and skull fractures with brain injuries of a motorcyclist wearing a full-face helmet. A 40-year-old man driving a high-powered motorcycle crashed violently into the rear of a stopped car. The main results from the autopsy revealed the deformation of the left orbito-zygomatic and fronto-temporoparietal regions corresponding to bone fractures with laceration at the left temporal lobe. The CT scan of the helmet revealed the detachment of the energy-absorbing liner. Moreover an impact speed of 93 Km/h resulted from the analysis of accident dynamics. We analysed the literature regarding the effectiveness of full-face helmets in reducing the risk of fatality and we sought the factors that may have deleted the protection offered. The lesions causing death were due to high speed and probably the inadequacy of the helmet.


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