Deep- Sea Bacteria and their Biotechnological Potentials
Deep-sea environment characterized by its low temperature, high hydrostatic pressure, limited nutrient
contents, and constant darkness has been a hostile environment for most marine microorganisms.
Therefore it is a home for low temperature and high pressure-loving bacteria believed to functionally
over shallow water intruders.
Deep-sea has been regarded as rainforests in terms of their microbial diversity. Thus, the
deep-sea should commend itself to microbiologists and biotechnologists alike as source of novel
microorganisms and exploitable properties.
Near Indonesia several deep-sea trenches exist with diverse environmental conditions.
However, up to now there has been no effort to study the microbial communities of those deep-sea
environments by Indonesian scientists. This is mainly because of the lack of knowledge in the field of
deep-sea microbiology in Indonesia.