alexa Degradation of Textile Dyes by Isolated <em>Lysinibacillus</em>and#160;s<em>phaericus</em> Strain RSV-1 and <em>Stenotrophomonas maltophilia</em> Strain RSV-2 and Toxicity Assessment of Degraded Product | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
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Research Article

Degradation of Textile Dyes by Isolated Lysinibacillus sphaericus Strain RSV-1 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Strain RSV-2 and Toxicity Assessment of Degraded Product

Rajeswari K1*, Subashkumar R2 and Vijayaraman K3
1 Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 PG & Research Department of Biotechnology, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
3 KSG College of Arts and science, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Corresponding Author : Rajeswari K
Research and Development Centre
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore
Tamil Nadu, India
Tel: 09944933846
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 04, 2014; Accepted May 19, 2014; Published May 23, 2014
Citation: Rajeswari K, Subashkumar R, Vijayaraman K (2014) Degradation of Textile Dyes by Isolated Lysinibacillus Sphaericus Strain RSV-1 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Strain RSV-2 and Toxicity Assessment of Degraded Product. J Environ Anal Toxicol 4:222. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000222
Copyright: © 2014 Rajeswari K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

An attempt was made to study the toxic nature of dye degraded product(s) which was degraded by previously isolated two potential strains namely Lysinibacillus sphaericus RSV-1 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia RSV-2. The phytotoxicity and cytotoxicity of degraded product(s) were tested on Triticum aestivum (co w) and human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK 293) respectively. Results revealed that the degraded product(s) was nontoxic in nature with respect to phytotoxicity as well as cytotoxicity study. Further the strains were utilized for the treatment of real textile dyewaste effluent and the result found that there was considerable reduction in Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) of real textile effluent. Therefore the strains could be effectively utilized for the treatment of real textile dye effluent having high concentration of reactive dyes.

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