Depression and Anxiety at Work: Pilot Study Regarding EmployeesÃ¢ÂÂ Self- perceived Job Efficacy and The Psychological Impact of Global Economic Crisis in Two Romanian Private Organizations
|Andreea Å¢uÅ£u, Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Alexandru I. Cuza University of Iasi, Romania|
|*Corresponding Author :||Dr. Andreea Å¢uÅ£u
Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences
Alexandru I. Cuza University of Iasi, Romania
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received July 15, 2011; Accepted September 17, 2011; Published September 20, 2011|
|Citation: Tutu A (2011) Depression & Anxiety at Work: Pilot Study Regarding Employees' Self-perceived Job Efficacy and The Psychological Impact of Global Economic Crisis in Two Romanian Private Organizations. J Depress Anxiety 1:101. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.1000101|
|Copyright: © 2011 Tutu A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Depression and anxiety have both been receiving increased attention during the past decades research initiatives.
Aim: The current study examined the influence of self-perceived job efficacy and of the economic behavior of the employer concerning depression and anxiety at workplace. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between these concepts by taking into account the unequal psychological impact of economic crisis over the employees from two different fields: food industry and production sector.
Method: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 109 employees (mean age of 39.9 years, 53.2% males) from two Romanian private organizations were assessed for depression and anxiety manifestations and self-perceived job efficacy. There were analyzed the differences between groups with high and low depression and anxiety levels.
Results: Data indicated that both depression and anxiety manifestations at work had significantly different correlations with self-perceived job efficacy and the economic behavior of the employer. Depression and anxiety manifestations had a strong positive correlation with neutral and/or positive economic behavior of the employer (r = .488, p < 0.01 for depression, r = .520, p < 0.01 for anxiety) and a strong negative correlation with self-perceived job efficacy (r = -.614, p < 0.01 for depression, r = -.509, p < 0.01 for anxiety). We also found a significant relationship between the self-perceived job efficacy level and the type of economic behavior displayed by the employer.
Conclusions: The economic behaviors of the employer, induced by the economic depression context, have a significant influence over the depression and anxiety manifestations at the workplace and over the self-perceived job efficacy level. Moreover, self-perceived job efficacy seems to influence the occurrence rate of depression and anxiety manifestation