alexa Depression and its Associated Factors with Multidrug-Re
ISSN: 2167-1044

Journal of Depression and Anxiety
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Research Article

Depression and its Associated Factors with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis at Baseline

Arshad Javaid1, Sumaira Mehreen2*, Mazhar Ali Khan2, Nadia Ashiq2, Muhammad Ihtesham2, Afsar Khan2, Irfan Ullah2 and Anila Basit1

1Post Graduate Medical Institute, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan

2Programmatic Management of Drug Resistant TB Unit, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Sumaira Mehreen
M.S. Psychology, Programmatic Management of Drug Resistant TB Unit
Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan
Tel: 0092-3459417128
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 12, 2016; Accepted Date: October 29, 2016; Published Date: October 31, 2016

Citation: Javaid A, Mehreen S, Khan MA, Ashiq N, Ihtesham M, et al. (2016) Depression and its Associated Factors with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis at Baseline. J Depress Anxiety 6:253. doi: 10.4172/2167-1044.1000253

Copyright: © 2016 Javaid A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: Both depression and Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) are global public health problems with substantial impact on human health. However, depressive state among MDR-TB patients has not been well investigated in Pakistan.

Objective: To assess frequency of depression and to identify factors associated with depression at baseline among MDR-TB patients in our centre.

Method and design: This was a cross sectional study conducted at programmatic management of drug resistant TB unit (PMDT), Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar (LRH), Pakistan. A total of 289 MDR-TB patients were included in the study, which were enrolled for treatment in this unit from January 2012 till December 2013 and assessed at the time of registration for depression. Convenient sampling technique was used for data collection.

Result: A total of 289 patients were included in this study. Among total, 201(69.55%) of the study participants were classified depressed, 127 patients (63.18%) had mild depression, 61 patients (30.35%) had moderate depression, 13 patients (6.46%) were diagnosed with severe depression. Depression was found in 127 (43.9%) MDR-TB patients at the time of registration associated with different factors.

Conclusion: Gender, duration of illness, residence, co-morbidity and past TB treatment were associated and independent risk factors of depression.


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