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Dermoid Cysts of the Floor of the Mouth: A Case Report | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Case Report

Dermoid Cysts of the Floor of the Mouth: A Case Report

Marino R1*, Pentenero M1, Familiari U2 and Gandolfo S1
1Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, Oral Medicine and Oral Oncology Section, University of Turin, Italy
2SCDU Anatomia Patologica , AOU San Luigi Gonzaga, Orbassano (TO), Italy
Corresponding Author : Roberto Marino
Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences
Oral Medicine and Oral Oncology Section
University of Turin, Gonzole 10
10043 Orbassano (TO), Italy
Tel: +39-011-9026496
Fax: +39-011-3498154
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 16, 2012; Accepted May 14, 2012; Published May 25, 2012
Citation: Marino R, Pentenero M, Familiari U, Gandolfo S (2012) Dermoid Cysts of the Floor of the Mouth: A Case Report. J Clin Case Rep 2:150. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000150
Copyright: © 2012 Marino R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are malformations observed in the oral cavity, represent less than 0.01% of all oral cavity cysts. Histologically, they can be further classified as epidermoid, dermoid or teratoid. The cysts can be defined as epidermoid when the lining presents only epithelium dermoid cysts when skin adnexa are found and teratoid cysts when other tissue such as muscle, cartilage, and bone are present. We report a case in which a 15-year-old boy developed a dermoid cyst presented at our clinic with complaints of increasing dysphagia and globus sensation about 5 years. On examination, the patient revealed a massive swelling of the floor of the mouth, which had displaced the tongue cranially. MRI imaging showed the lesion to be a homogeneous, cystic lesion, clearly at a distance from the
surrounding mucous tissue. Surgery was performed, and the tumor was resected completely. Histologic examination of the resected tissue was consistent with an epidermoid cyst located in the floor of the mouth. The patient did well postoperatively, and no recurrence was noticed at the 6-years of follow-up. Although epidermoid cysts are rarely located in the oral cavity, it should be included in differential diagnosis. Surgery is the treatment of choice.

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