alexa Descriptive Study on Socio-Demographic and Risk factors Associated with the Oral Cancers, Batticaloa District
ISSN: 2155-9864

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion
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Research Article

Descriptive Study on Socio-Demographic and Risk factors Associated with the Oral Cancers, Batticaloa District

Jasotharan V1*, Beumy Saluja N1, Fathima Nahthiya FH1, Arulanandem K2, Parthiepan A3 and Pirasath S4

1 Department of Primary Health Care Sciences, University of Sri Lanka

2 Department of Primary Health Care Sciences, Faculty of Health Care Sciences, Eastern University of Sri Lanka

3 Onco Surgeon, Teaching Hospital, Batticaloa, Sri Lanka

4 Medical officer,Teaching Hospital,Batticaloa, Sri Lanka

*Corresponding Author:
Vellapody Jasotharan
Medical Student, Faculty of Health Care Sciences
Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
Tel: 0778315938
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 17, 2014; Accepte date:d April 26, 2014; Published date: May 05, 2012

Citation: Jasotharan V, Beumy Saluja N, Fathima Nahthiya FH, Arulanandem K,Pirasath S, et al. (2014) Descriptive Study on Socio-Demographic and Risk factors Associated with the Oral Cancers, Batticaloa District. J Blood Disord Transfus 5:216 doi: 10.4172/2155-9864.1000216

Copyright: © 2014 Jasotharan V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: Sri Lanka has the highest reported incidence of oral cancer in the world. The aim of the study to investigate the relationship of risk factors with oral cancers.


Materials & Methods: 596 individuals of Batticaloa district were investigated for this study through intervieweradministrated questionnaire within the time frame for the data collection, applying multi stage cluster sampling technique.

Results &Discussion: Out of these 596, 63.42% (Nos. 378) are males. 2% (Nos. 11) of the people interviewed have been reported with oral cancer. 91% (Nos. 10) of the total number of oral cancer victims are from rural area. 63.64% (Nos. 7) are in the range of 61-75 years of age among oral cancer. There has no imply any clue about coalition between sex and oral cancer. 30.20% (Nos. 180) have the habit of Tobacco consumption and of which only 5 % (Nos. 7) were identified with oral cancer. Chewing is popular method [77.78% (Nos. 7)] among oral cancer victims. 32.38% (Nos. 193) are having the habit of chewing beetle. 81.82% (Nos. 9) oral cancer patients have the habit of chewing beetle. 90.67% (Nos. 175) people use one or more other substances such as slake lime, areca nut and Tobacco together. 66.67% (Nos. 6) oral cancer patients have the same practice of chewing while sleeping in the night. It is noted that 100% (Nos. 6) of the people with oral cancer and who are beetle chewers while sleeping in the night, keep the beetle pulp near their molar. 32.21% (Nos. 192) people including 3 (27.27 %) out of 11 oral cancer victims are having the habit of consuming Alcohol.

Conclusions: Oral cancers are common among people aged 61-75 years. Tobacco consumption and Beetle chewing are most inducing factors of oral cancer.

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