Descriptive Study on Socio-Demographic and Risk factors Associated with the Oral Cancers, Batticaloa District
- *Corresponding Author:
- Vellapody Jasotharan
Medical Student, Faculty of Health Care Sciences
Eastern University of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 17, 2014; Accepte date:d April 26, 2014; Published date: May 05, 2012
Citation: Jasotharan V, Beumy Saluja N, Fathima Nahthiya FH, Arulanandem K,Pirasath S, et al. (2014) Descriptive Study on Socio-Demographic and Risk factors Associated with the Oral Cancers, Batticaloa District. J Blood Disord Transfus 5:216 doi: 10.4172/2155-9864.1000216
Copyright: © 2014 Jasotharan V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: Sri Lanka has the highest reported incidence of oral cancer in the world. The aim of the study to investigate the relationship of risk factors with oral cancers.
Materials & Methods: 596 individuals of Batticaloa district were investigated for this study through intervieweradministrated questionnaire within the time frame for the data collection, applying multi stage cluster sampling technique.
Results &Discussion: Out of these 596, 63.42% (Nos. 378) are males. 2% (Nos. 11) of the people interviewed have been reported with oral cancer. 91% (Nos. 10) of the total number of oral cancer victims are from rural area. 63.64% (Nos. 7) are in the range of 61-75 years of age among oral cancer. There has no imply any clue about coalition between sex and oral cancer. 30.20% (Nos. 180) have the habit of Tobacco consumption and of which only 5 % (Nos. 7) were identified with oral cancer. Chewing is popular method [77.78% (Nos. 7)] among oral cancer victims. 32.38% (Nos. 193) are having the habit of chewing beetle. 81.82% (Nos. 9) oral cancer patients have the habit of chewing beetle. 90.67% (Nos. 175) people use one or more other substances such as slake lime, areca nut and Tobacco together. 66.67% (Nos. 6) oral cancer patients have the same practice of chewing while sleeping in the night. It is noted that 100% (Nos. 6) of the people with oral cancer and who are beetle chewers while sleeping in the night, keep the beetle pulp near their molar. 32.21% (Nos. 192) people including 3 (27.27 %) out of 11 oral cancer victims are having the habit of consuming Alcohol.
Conclusions: Oral cancers are common among people aged 61-75 years. Tobacco consumption and Beetle chewing are most inducing factors of oral cancer.