alexa Design of School Furniture for First- to Sixth-Grade Cl

Journal of Ergonomics
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Research Article

Design of School Furniture for First- to Sixth-Grade Classrooms in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Hari Purnomo1*, Fajriyanto2and Rina Mulyati3

1Faculty of Industrial Technology, Department of Industrial Engineering, Islamic University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

2Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Department of Architecture, Islamic University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

3Faculty of Psychology and Socio-Cultural Sciences, Psychology Department, Islamic University of Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author:
Hari Purnomo
Faculty of Industrial Technology
Department of Industrial Engineering
Islamic University of Indonesia, Depok West Java, Indonesia
Tel: +628122789727
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 22, 2016; Accepted date: May 19, 2016; Published date: May 27, 2016

Citation: Purnomo H, Fajriyanto, Mulyati R (2016) Design of School Furniture for First- to Sixth-Grade Classrooms in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. J Ergonomics 6:162. doi:10.4172/2165-7556.1000162

Copyright: © 2016 Purnomo H. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



This study aims to design seats and desks for elementary school students in Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia so that these pieces of furniture are fashioned in accordance with the anthropometry of first to sixth graders. The designs are divided into three groups: the Group 1 category is for first and second graders; Group 2 is for third and fourth graders; and Group 3 is for fifth and sixth graders. The designs were created to improve on previous seat and desk designs that are considered inappropriate for students’ anthropometry. Seat and desk sizes were determined based on anthropometric data. The specific data used for the designs are stature, sitting elbow height, sitting shoulder height, popliteal height, knee height, buttock-popliteal length, shoulder breadth, hip breadth, and upper limb length. Results indicate that differences in bodily proportions among first and second graders, third and fourth graders, and fifth and sixth graders necessitate seat and desk designs that are specific to each group. Musculoskeletal assessment tests were conducted using the Nordic body map to ascertain which of the designs are suitable for the students. The test results show that the previous and new designs significantly differ in terms of musculoskeletal discomfort (p<0.05).


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