alexa Destructive Fishery and Fishery Sustainability Assessing Fishery Sustainability using a Multicriteria Participatory Approach: A Case Study of Small Islands in South Sulawesi
ISSN: 2473-3350

Journal of Coastal Zone Management
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Research Article

Destructive Fishery and Fishery Sustainability Assessing Fishery Sustainability using a Multicriteria Participatory Approach: A Case Study of Small Islands in South Sulawesi

 
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Abstract

The sustainability in the integrated human and nature systems or social–ecological systems
(SES) of reef fishery needs attention, because the livelihood of many coastal communities is dependent
upon it. Likewise, coral reef ecosystem is important marine resource as a source of biodiversity, a
spawning aggregation for various reef fish and biota. However, coral reef ecosystem in South Sulawesi
has been pressured by reef-related fishing activities, which include destructive practices of bomb and
poison fishing.
This study assesses the condition of fishery sustainability in five selected small islands situated in
Taka Bonerate Marine National Park and Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi. Multi-criteria
analysis (MCA) is used as a decision-making tool to analyze and evaluate multiple indicators under a
participatory group decision-making environment (Mendoza and Prabhu 2004). Four variable criteria
of sustainability indicators are included, namely ecological-criterion indicators, economic-criterion
indicators, social-criterion indicators, and institutional-criterion indicators. The result of the
assessment is analyzed with the state of coral reef and the state of destructive fishery in the area.

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