Detection of Hepatitis E Virus Antibodies in Domestic and Wild Animal Species in Central ItalyMaurizio Mazzei1, Mario Forzan1, Federica Pizzurro1, Federico Picciolli2, Patrizia Bandecchi1 and Alessandro Poli1*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Alessandro Poli
Department of Veterinary Sciences
Viale delle Piagge, 2, I-56124 Pisa, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 24, 2015; Accepted Date: December 23, 2015; Published Date: December 30, 2015
Citation: Mazzei M, Forzan M, Pizzurro F, Picciolli F, Bandecchi P, et al. (2015) Detection of Hepatitis E Virus Antibodies in Domestic and Wild Animal Species in Central Italy. Clin Microbiol 4:227. doi:10.4172/2327-5073.1000227
Copyright: © 2015 Mazzei M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is known for its zoonotic potential. Although several mammalian species have been indicated as possible viral reservoir, the host range of the infection is partially defined. In this work serum samples collected from wild brown hares, red deer, wild rabbits, cattle living in semi-wild state and wild boar-hunting dogs were tested by a multi-species ELISA assay. Only sera from red deer (5.6%), wild rabbit (38.5%) and wild-boar hunting dogs (14.3%) scored positive. The investigation indicated the circulation and the high endemicity of HEV in various animal species in Central Italy, and the importance that these species can play in the epidemiology of infection.