Detection of Undiagnosed Diabetes among Saudi Female at Four Campaigns in Taif City, Saudi Arabia
Rana G Zaini* and Suhair Abdulsatar
College of Applied Medical Sciences, Clinical Laboratory Department, Al-Hada Ring Road, King Abdul Aziz Specialist Hospital Campus, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Rana Ghazi Zaini
College of Applied Medical Sciences, Clinical Laboratory Department
Al-Hada Ring Road, King Abdul Aziz Specialist Hospital Campus, Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel: 00966 555530937
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 22, 2016; Accepted date: July 20, 2016; Published date: July 27, 2016
Citation: Zaini RG, Abdulsatar S (2016) Detection of Undiagnosed Diabetes among Saudi Female at Four Campaigns in Taif City, Saudi Arabia. J Diabetes Metab 7:689. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000689
Copyright: © 2016 Zaini RG et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Diabetes is one of the most common chronic endocrine disorders all over the world. The Kingdome of Saudi Arabia found to be among the ten countries with the highest prevalence of diabetes. Unfortunately, the last reported study performed in Saudi Arabia on the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetic among Saudis aged 15 and older showed 57.8% of those were undiagnosed previously, which adds to the disease medical complications and economic cost. Thus, the aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of previously undiagnosed diabetic among Saudi female age over 18 years at Taif city. This will help in early detection of the disorder, make screening program more cost effective and reduce the chance of developing of serious health complications, such as heart disease, kidney disease, and many others. Four study campaigns were arranged in public locations and blood glucose level was recorded from 200 female participants. This study showed that 8% female were provisionally undiagnosed with diabetes pending confirmation of the result by formal venous plasma glucose determination; these subjects were referred to their primary health care provider for confirmation of the diagnosis and further management. Moreover, 10% had indeterminate results and were advised to check their fasting blood glucose. The majority of participants who were undiagnosed with diabetes previously were non-smoker and un-active physically. However, 56% had family history of diabetes. The findings of the study calls for increased awareness of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes to encourage for early detection of pre-diabetes, which might minimize the related complications.