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ISSN: 2380-5439

Journal of Health Education Research & Development
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  • Research Article   
  • J Health Edu Res Dev 2018, Vol 6(2): 254
  • DOI: 10.4172/2380-5439.1000254

Determinants of Systemic Diseases amongst Periodontitis Patients in Suva, Fiji

Anjali Thomas1*, Leenu Raju Maimanuku2, Masoud Mohammadnezhad3 and Sabiha Khan4
1Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji
2School of Dentistry and Oral Health, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Fiji
3Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji
4Department of Statistics, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji
*Corresponding Author : Anjali Thomas, Department of Public Health, School of Public Health and Primary Care, Fiji National University, Fiji, Tel: +6793381044, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 22, 2018 / Accepted Date: Mar 29, 2018 / Published Date: Apr 05, 2018

Abstract

Introduction: Periodontitis develops through opportunistic infection which usually occurs when there is an imbalance between the oral biofilm and host defense’s and has been connected with various systemic diseases such as heart diseases, diabetes, renal diseases, respiratory diseases etc. Due to lack of previous study, this study is aimed to describe the determinants of systemic diseases amongst periodontitis patients in Suva, Fiji.

Methodology: This retrospective descriptive study was carried out in the FNU Dental Clinics, Suva, Fiji using the periodontitis patient clinical records from 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2014. Periodontitis patients with or without self-reported systemic disease history were included in this study. Patient demographic variables were collected and Binary logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratio with their 95% Confidence Intervals to define any association between dependent variable and independent variables. A p-value<0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The results of the study showed that the odds of having systemic disease were 3.5 times higher in 40-64- year-old patients than in the 15-39-year-old periodontitis patients (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.98-6.09, p=<0.001). Male periodontitis patients reported with 42% systemic disease and females reported with 58% systemic disease. Systemic disease was higher in females than males; however, this was not statistically significant. The odds of having systemic disease were 1.9 times higher in the Fijians of Indian Descent than among the I-Taukei Fijians (OR 1.9, 95% CI: 1.17-3.11, p=0.026).

Conclusion: The study concluded that systemic disease was the most in 40-64-year-old Fijians of Indian decent periodontitis patients, this was statistically significant. Female periodontitis patients showed higher presence of systemic diseases than the male periodontitis patients; however this was not statistically significant.

Keywords: Determinants; Periodontitis; Systemic diseases; Fiji

Citation: Thomas A, Maimanuku LR, Mohammadnezhad M, Khan S (2018) Determinants of Systemic Diseases amongst Periodontitis Patients in Suva, Fiji. J Health Educ Res Dev 6: 254. Doi: 10.4172/2380-5439.1000254

Copyright: © 2018 Thomas A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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