alexa Determination and Safety Assessment of Lead and Cadmium in Eye Shadows Purchased in Local Market in Tehran
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Determination and Safety Assessment of Lead and Cadmium in Eye Shadows Purchased in Local Market in Tehran

Zahra Mousavi1, Parisa Ziarati2* and Azita Shariatdoost3
1Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran- Iran
2Medicinal Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran-Iran
3Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran- Iran
Corresponding Author : Parisa Ziarati
Islamic Azad University
Pharmaceutical Sciences Branch (IAUPS)
Faculty of Pharmacy, Toxicogenomics lab. No 99, Tehran-Iran
Tel: +98-21-22600037
Fax: +98-21-22633986
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 31, 2013; Accepted September 27, 2013; Published September 30, 2013
Citation: Mousavi Z, Ziarati P, Shariatdoost A (2013) Determination and Safety Assessment of Lead and Cadmium in Eye Shadows Purchased in Local Market in Tehran. J Environ Anal Toxicol 3:193. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000193
Copyright: © 2013 Mousavi Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Powdered eye shadows are the most used eye cosmetics in Iran. 120 samples of 15 brands of pressed powder eye shadows in main seven colors: pink, white, violet, brown, golden, green and blue made from different countries were randomly purchased for analysis but a single brand may contain several colors which have been analyzed. Data was collected on the cost, brand, and color of product and batch number of the products that was sampled. The samples were analyzed according to standardized international protocols by wet digestion method (Using HNO3, HClO4, H2O2) analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Lead and cadmium detected in all colors in wide range of concentrations. The brown and golden colors in all brands have the highest concentrations of lead, while blue and green colors have the lowest Lead content and the golden and blue color have the highest and lowest concentration of cadmium respectively. Estimating the safety assessment of cosmetic products such as eye shadows is a complex issue. The concentration of cadmium shows significant differences of this heavy metal in the color main groups (p<0.005). This result reveals that the type of pigment used in eye shadows contributes to its heavy metal content. As toxic metals especially lead can rise to accumulate in body over time and repetitive metal-containing product application and probably lead to significant exposure levels, We recommended the major quality controls for the cosmetics products due to long contact with the skin of eyelids.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords