alexa Determination of Safe Carrying Load Limit for Women Carrying Water

Journal of Ergonomics
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Determination of Safe Carrying Load Limit for Women Carrying Water

Rohit Sharma* and Ranjit Singh

Faculty of Engineering, DEI, Dayalbagh, Agra, UP, India

*Corresponding Author:
Rohit Sharma
Faculty of Engineering, DEI
Dayalbagh, Agra, UP, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: January 20, 2012; Accepted date: April 23, 2012; Published date: April 30, 2012

Citation: Sharma R, Singh R (2012) Determination of Safe Carrying Load Limit for Women Carrying Water. J Ergonom 2:103. doi:10.4172/2165-7556.1000103

Copyright: © 2012 Sharma R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Fetching and carrying water is women’s work in rural India, which results in poor health of women. So, a physiological, biomechanical and psycho-physiological study was conducted among the Women Carrying Water (WCW) for determining maximum acceptable carrying load. A total of 20 subjects were selected from the villages of Haryana, who perform water carrying activities for fulfilling their daily basic needs of water. In the present work, for physiological study both the field and laboratory data were collected. Information regarding Blood Pressure (B.P), hemoglobin content, weight, height, age, ponderal index, lean body weight etc. was also recorded. Biomechanical stresses shows that carrying water is safe only for head mode. For shoulder and waist mode carrying water should be stopped for reducing the risk of injuries. In psychophysiological evaluation out of 7 subjects all rated 15 kg load as the moderate but for shoulder and waist mode only 4 and 3 subjects rated as the moderate and all other subjects rated it as the heavy and very heavy. By considering the stresses such as cardiovascular, muscular and biomechanical and also by psychophysiological evaluation it is concluded that carrying load for the head mode should be around 15 kg and for shoulder and waist mode should not be more than 10 kg at the walking speed of 3.5


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version