Detoxification Related Genes in Gut of Coptotermes curvignathusSuliana Charles1, Patricia KingJie Hung1*, Joseph Bong Choon Fah1, OngKian Huat2, Farah Diba Abu Bakar3, Abdul Munir Abdul Murad3, Adrian Tsang4 and Nor Muhammad Mahadi5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Patricia King Jie Hung
Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences
University Putra Malaysia Bintulu Sarawak Campus, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 15, 2013; Accepted date: January 15, 2014; Published date: January 18, 2014
Citation: Charles S, Hung PKJ, Fah JBC, Huat O, Bakar FDA, et al. (2014) Detoxification Related Genes in Gut of Coptotermes curvignathus. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 3:117. doi:10.4172/2161-0983.1000117
Copyright: © 2014 Charles S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Coptotermes curvignathus (C. curvignathus) are subterranean termites that feed on living-tree as their sole diet, which consist mainly of cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin, plant allele chemical and other environmental residues such as insecticide. The xenobiotic compounds, plant allele chemical and insecticide are hazardous to termites health and need to be transported out of their body via xenobiotic and detoxification metabolism. This paper highlighted the potential enzymes that play vital role in the xenobiotic and detoxification metabolism. Transcriptomic data were generated from 200 termite’s digestive system using Illumina HiSeq 2000. Raw data was trimmed and assembled by SOLEXAQA and Bowtie before loaded into Gene Ontology based data mining software, Blast2GO (B2G). The result showed that, C. curvignathus contain enzymes that involved in all three biotransformation phases of xenobiotic and detoxification metabolism, which included cytochrome P450s monooxygenases, glutathione S-transferase, carboxylesterase, UDP-glucuronyltransferases and N-acetyltransferase. The result of this study is the first insight into Cc xenobiotic pathway.