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ISSN: 2469-9837

International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology
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Research Article

Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Processing Speed Test for School-Aged Children Utilizing Auditory Stimuli

Sharon Cameron1,2*, Helen Glyde1,2, Harvey Dillon1,2 and Jessica Whitfield1

1National Acoustic Laboratories, Australian Hearing Hub, 16 University Avenue, Macquarie University, NSW, 2109, Australia

2Hearing Cooperative Research Centre, 550 Swanston Street, Audiology, Hearing and Speech Sciences, The University of Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia

*Corresponding Author:
Sharon Cameron
PhD Senior Research Scientist
National Acoustic Laboratories
Australian Hearing Hub, 16 University Avenue
Macquarie University NSW 2109, Australia
Tel: +61 2 9412, 6851
Fax: +61 2 9412 6769
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 12, 2014; Accepted date: December 02, 2014; Published date: December 04, 2014

Citation: Cameron S, Glyde H, Dillon H, Whitfield J (2014) Development and preliminary evaluation of a processing speed test for school-aged children utilizing auditory stimuli. Int J Sch Cog Psychol 1:116. doi:10.4172/2469-9837.1000116

Copyright: © 2014 Cameron S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The purpose of this pilot study was to develop and evaluate a test of processing speed that utilizes verbal stimuli - the Auditory Processing Speed Test (A-PST). Participants were 174 school children aged 6 to 12 years, who were required to respond to verbally-presented target stimuli and ignore foils. Inter-stimulus interval was adjusted adaptively. Younger children had significantly slower average processing speed (APS) than older children (p<0.0000001, range 39 to 59 words per minute (wpm)). For each one year increase in age, processing speed increased by 4 wpm. Reaction time did not limit performance on the A-PST. However, impulsivity was a significant predictor of processing speed, with each 1 standard deviation (SD) increase in impulsivity resulting in a 0.47 SD increase in APS in wpm. Changes to the adaptive procedure of the A-PST to resolve the impact of impulsivity are discussed together with directions for future research.
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