Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Older Adults Perception About Fall Risks
- *Corresponding Author:
- Angelo Jose Goncalves Bos
Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul
Av. Ipiranga, 6681-p81 s703, Porto Alegre/RS. CEP: 90619-900, Brazil
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 22, 2017; Accepted Date: March 30, 2017; Published Date: April 03, 2017
Citation: Goncalves Bos AJ, Morsch P, Myskiw M, Myskiw JDC (2017) Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Older Adults Perception About Fall Risks. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 6:412. doi: 10.4172/2167-7182.1000412
Copyright: © 2017 Goncalves Bos AJ, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: In Brazil, 28% to 35% of individuals over the age of 65 fall each year. Literature suggests that 30% to 40% of falls are preventable through management of risk factors. However, adherence in prevention programs depends on older adults' perceptions about falling.
Objective: To develop and to validate a questionnaire to evaluate older adults' perception about fall risks factors.
Method: This study was developed through qualitative and methodological approaches. Qualitative method was conducted through content analysis and the questionnaire was tested through content and face validity techniques.
Results: The two main categories from qualitative analysis, falls problematization and the perception of risk factors, served as basis for the development of the questionnaire. The proposed research tool, with 36 questions was sent to content validity analysis through evaluation of "judges", in three aspects: clarity of language, importance and theoretical relevance. With these results, it was possible to calculate the validity coefficient (VC).