alexa Development and Validation of a Socio-Dental Impact Locus of Control (SILOC) Scale | OMICS International | Abstract
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Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
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Research Article

Development and Validation of a Socio-Dental Impact Locus of Control (SILOC) Scale

Shashidhar Acharya1*, Kalyana Chakravarthy Pentapati1, Deepak Kumar Singhal1, Arun Singh Thakur1 and Shruthi Acharya2

1Department of Public Health Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, India

2Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, India

Corresponding Author:
Shashidhar Acharya
Department of Public Health Dentistry
Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal University
Manipal, India 576104
Tel: 91-944-812-7031
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 23, 2014; Accepted date: August 30, 2014; Published date: September 07, 2014

Citation: Acharya S, Pentapati KC, Singhal DK, Thakur AS, Acharya S (2014) Development and Validation of a Socio-Dental Impact Locus of Control (SILOC) Scale. J Psychol Psychother 4: 151. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000151

Copyright: © 2014 Acharya S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Purpose: To develop a Socio-Dental Impact Locus of Control Scale (SILOC) and to study its relationship with oral health status as well as dental attendance.

Materials and methods: In the pilot study, 100 students returned completed forms containing the Multi Dimensional Health Locus of Control (MHLC) and the (SILOC) scale. In the main study, 509 adolescent school children from three schools returned completed forms containing the SILOC scale and were examined for oral health status and dental attendance.

Results: The SILOC scores highly correlated with the MHLC scores. A Cronbach’s alpha of 0.75 showed its internal consistency. Those with higher SILOC scores had greater levels of caries, plaque, gingivitis, and a history of postponing needed dental visits. Multiple logistic regression analysis after adjusting for potential confounders showed that those with high SILOC scores were more likely to be having caries (OR=3.32, p<0.001), plaque (OR=1.83, p=0.026), gingivitis (OR=1.80, p=0.012) and a history of ‘Postponement of needed dental treatment’ (OR=4.5, p<0.001) as compared to the others.

Conclusion: The SILOC scale showed satisfactory reliability and validity in measuring Locus of Control orientation in relation to socio-dental impacts in an Indian adolescent population.


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