alexa Development of a Waste Plastic Shredding Machine
E-ISSN: 2252-5211

International Journal of Waste Resources
Open Access

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Research Article

Development of a Waste Plastic Shredding Machine

Akinfiresoye Waleola Ayo*, OJ Olukunle and DJ Adelabu

Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Akinfiresoye WA
Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology
Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo
Ondo State, Nigeria
Tel: + 234-8066217713
Fax: + 234-8066217713
E-mail: mjemmy2001@yahoo.com

Received Date: February 14, 2017; Accepted Date: May 27, 2017; Published Date: June 03, 2017

Citation: Ayo AW, Olukunle OJ, Adelabu DJ (2017) Development of a Waste Plastic Shredding Machine. Int J Waste Resour 7: 281. doi: 10.4172/2252- 5211.1000281

Copyright: © 2017 Ayo AW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Plastic is one of the most common used materials in the world today, but, they cause serious environmental pollution and exhaustion of landfill space. The recycling of waste plastic recovers the material, which can be used to make new plastic products such as containers, plastic lumbers and particle boards. For this to happen, the waste plastic will first be shred into small bits making it ready for transportation and further processing. This necessitated the development of a plastic shredder to recycle the waste plastic found in Federal University of Technology, Akure (FUTA), Ondo State, Nigeria environments. The shredder has the feeding unit, the shredding unit, power transmission unit and the machine frame. The performance of the machine was evaluated and test results showed that there was a correlation between the machine speed with a regression < 1 and there was a linear relationship with all variable parameters (The Shredding time (T), the Specific Mechanical Energy (SME), Throughput (TP) and Recovery Efficiency (RE)) and the variable operation speeds (1806.7 rpm, 1290.5 rpm and 1003.7 rpm). The throughput of the machine is 27.3 kg/hr and the efficiency is 53% for all type of plastic and 95% for Polyvinylchloride type of plastic. The machine is user friendly and the cost of producing one unit of the machine as at the time of fabrication was estimated to be One Hundred and Forty Thousand, Seven Hundred and Fifty Naira (N 140, 750:00k) only making it affordable to acquire for small and medium scale entrepreneurs in waste plastic recycling business

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