alexa Development of Composite Solid Fuel from Charcoal and Saw Dust for Maximum Emission Reduction
ISSN: 2161-0525

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Development of Composite Solid Fuel from Charcoal and Saw Dust for Maximum Emission Reduction

Mamudu Abbas*, Mamudu Yahaya and Olafuyi Olalekan
Department of Chemical Engineering and Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Mamudu Abbas
Department of Chemical Engineering and Department of Petroleum Engineering
University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Tel: +2348039351412
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: February 23, 2016; Accepted: April 04, 2016; Published: April 08, 2016
Citation: Abbas M, Yahaya M, Olalekan O (2016) Development of Composite Solid Fuel from Charcoal and Saw Dust for Maximum Emission Reduction. J Environ Anal Toxicol 6:365. doi:10.4172/2161-0525.1000365
Copyright: © 2016 Abbas M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


In consideration to the various impacts of charcoal and sawdust burning especially in the indoor fires in the developing countries. A charcoal-based and sawdust composite solid fuel has been developed to immensely reduce gaseous emissions, and as well minimize pollution from these sources. The formulations were made using clay (kaolinite) solution (1:2 of clay: water), sawdust and solid pulverized charcoal. Different mounts of the charcoal and sawdust were mixed with a fixed known amount of clay solution and a total of six formulations were made. 200 μm sieve, 500 ml beaker and pdt-crowcon gasman single-trace gas (CO) analyzers were all used in the solution formulation and emission analysis. The results show that the fuel-types which were produced from a mixture of the solid fuels and clay solution yield its minimum emission for a formulation of 1:1 of fuel (charcoal or sawdust): clay solution (1:2 of clay: water) by mass fraction. The results show a consistent pattern of emission reduction exhibited by the composite charcoal based fuels. The combustion of sawdust and its formulations follow a trend which is approximately equivalent to that of charcoal but with a higher release of emission. This higher release of emission from sawdust- based composite fuels show that sawdust is a better burner than charcoal. The addition of the clay content significantly contributes in channeling the routes of release of some of the compounds in the fuels to accompany the ash residue rather than as gaseous emissions. Therefore, the advantages include among others high gaseous emission reduction.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

ma[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version