Development of the Process for a Drinkable Plant-Based Infant FoodDeborah Nabuuma1, Dorothy Nakimbugwe1*, Yusuf B Byaruhanga1, Firibu Kwesi Saalia2, Robert Dixon Phillips3 and Jinru Chen3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dorothy Nakimbugwe
Makerere University, P. O. Box 7061 Kampala, Uganda
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 21, 2013; Accepted date: April 30, 2013; Published date: May 02, 2013
Citation: Nabuuma D, Nakimbugwe D, Byaruhanga YB, Saalia FK, Phillips RD, et al. (2013) Development of the Process for a Drinkable Plant-Based Infant Food. J Nutr Food Sci 3:210. doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000210
Copyright: © 2013 Nabuuma D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Provision of nutritionally adequate foods is crucial for the prevention and management of malnutrition. In order to meet the nutrient requirements of infants and young children using locally available cereals and legumes, foods need to be of low viscosity, of high caloric content and nutrient density and easily digestible. This study developed a processing protocol for three plant food formulations to yield nutrient dense, easily digestible and safe therapeutic foods for malnourished children. Pre-digestion of the milled ingredients at 40°C for 4 hours with grain amaranth that was malted for 48 hours and 1% Bromelain achieved 70-84% starch hydrolysis and 55-61% protein hydrolysis. Sterilization of the therapeutic food in glass jars in an autoclave at 121°C, 15 PSI for 20 minutesgave non- detectable total plate and yeast and mold counts. The final products had viscosities of 2745-2913 Cps. These results show that pre-digestion can improve the nutrition quality of infant foods made from plant sources.