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ISSN: 2167-1044

Journal of Depression and Anxiety
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Research Article

Diabetes Diagnosis is related to Anxiety Among Mexican Americans But Not non-Hispanic Adults: A Project FRONTER study

Cortney B. Mauer1, Leigh A. Johnson2,3, Gregory W. Schrimsher4 and Sid E. O’Bryant2,3*
1Department of Psychology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX
2F. Marie Hall Institute for Rural & Community Health, Texas Tech Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA
3Department of Internal Medicine & Institute for Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease Research, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA
4Department of Psychiatry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Sid E. O’Bryant
Department of Internal Medicine
University of North Texas Health Science Center
3500 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth
Texas, 76107, USA
Tel: 817-735-2639
Fax: 817-735-2747
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 08, 2011; Accepted January 02, 2012; Published January 05, 2012
Citation: Mauer CB, Johnson LA, Schrimsher GW, O'Bryant SE (2011) Diabetes Diagnosis is related to Anxiety Among Mexican Americans But Not non-Hispanic Adults: A Project FRONTER study. J Depress Anxiety 1:107. doi:10.4172/2167-1044.1000107
Copyright: © 2011 Mauer CB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

This study examined the link between diabetes and specific anxiety symptoms among Mexican Americans in comparison with non-Hispanics in a rural sample. The prevalence of Hispanic, and more specifically, Mexican American individuals with diabetes, is larger than their white, non-Hispanic counterparts. Adults with diabetes also experience psychological dysfunction, particularly an elevation in anxiety symptoms. Both non-Hispanic and Hispanic individuals have been found to experience co-occurring anxiety disorders and diabetes. Hispanic individuals have a higher prevalence of both anxiety and diabetes than non-Hispanic individuals. Cross-sectional data were analyzed from 582 rural dwelling individuals from an ongoing rural health study, Project FRONTIER. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the factor scores previously derived by the test’s authors (i.e., Subjective, Neurophysiological, Autonomic, and Panic) were entered as predictor variables into regression models with Diabetes diagnosis as the outcome variable. Among Mexican Americans, diabetes diagnosis was significantly related to BAI total score. The diagnoses were significantly related to all of the BAI factor scores. Specifically, Panic, Autonomic, Neurophysiological, and Subjective factor scores. Diabetes diagnosis was not related to BAI total or factor scores among non-Hispanics. Research and clinical implications are discussed.

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