Diagnostic Ultrasound Safety 2: Physical Property of Diagnostic UltrasoundKazuo Maeda*
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Emeritus), Tottori University Medical School, Yonago, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kazuo Maeda
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Emeritus)
Tottori University Medical School, Yonago, Japan, 3-125
Nadamachi, Yonago, Tottoriken, 6830835, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 07, 2013; Accepted Date: January 23, 2014; Published Date: January 29, 2014
Citation: Maeda K (2014) Diagnostic Ultrasound Safety 2: Physical Property of Diagnostic Ultrasound. J Health Med Informat 5:145. doi: 10.4172/2157-7420.1000145
Copyright: © 2014 Maeda K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Ultrasound is a mechanical vibration of its propagating medium and it is a kind of sound but not such ionizing
radiation as X-ray. It is inaudible by human ear, due its very high frequency, higher than 20,000 Hz, and usually several
1,000,000 Hz (MHz) in medical diagnosis. There are two kinds of diagnostic ultrasound. It is common to use regularly
oscillating very short ultrasound pulses in ultrasonic imaging device, to measure the reflection time of ultrasound pulses
from an interface to form image of interface. Since oscillation time is very short and the interval is long, the time averaged
intensity of pulse wave ultrasound is as weak as some mW/cm2, while its instantaneous intensity is as large as several
10 W/cm2. Continuous wave, however, used in Doppler fetal heart detector and fetal heart rate monitor has no peak and
only continuous and weak vibration, i.e. time average and instantaneous intensities are the same in continuous wave.
Since heating effect of ultrasound is measured by time average intensity, pulse wave and continuous wave have similar
heating (thermal) effect, while mechanical effect of pulse wave ultrasound is large, and it is small in continuous wave”.