alexa Dietary Intake Association with IFG and Responses of a Lifestyle Changing Protocol in a Community-B based Adult Cohort
ISSN: 2161-1017

Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome
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Research Article

Dietary Intake Association with IFG and Responses of a Lifestyle Changing Protocol in a Community-B based Adult Cohort

Roberto Carlos Burini1, Gabriel Augusto Torezan1,2, Lance A Sloan3, José Eduardo corrente4 and Katia Cristina Portero McLellan1,3*

1Center for Exercise Metabolism and Nutrition (CeMENutri), Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu/SP, Brazil

2Post Graduate Student of Pathology, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP). Botucatu/SP, Brazil

3Texas Institute for Kidney and Endocrine Disorders, Lufkin/TX, USA

4Department of Bioestatistic, Bioscience Institute, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu/SP, Brazil

Corresponding Author:
Katia Cristina Portero McLellan
Texas Institute for Kidney and Endocrine Disorders, Lufkin/TX, USA
Tel: 14-3880-1344
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 17, 2014; Accepted Date: March 24, 2014; Published Date: March 26, 2014

Citation: Burini RC, Torezan GA, Sloan LA, corrente JE, McLellan KCP (2014) Dietary Intake Association with IFG and Responses of a Lifestyle Changing Protocol in a Community-B based Adult Cohort. Endocrinol Metab Synd 3:125. doi: 10.4172/2161-1017.1000125

Copyright: © 2014 Burini RC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Objective: Investigate the association of diet on Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) and response of a lifestyle changing protocol (LISC) on a community sample of adults.

Methods: A cross sectional study of LISC was conducted with 1004 subjects. From those, 264 adults individuals participated in a 20-week intervention based on physical exercises and dietary counseling and were divided in three groups, normoglycemic, IFG, and T2DM. Evaluations were done at baseline (M0) and after a 20-week intervention (M1). The analyses were performed by using SAS, version 9.2., and results were discussed based on the level of significance of p<0.05.

Results: At baseline, the three groups differed for plasma triglycerides, and number of altered metabolic syndrome (MetS) components. T2DM differed from normoglicemic by presenting higher intake of meat, lower of sugar, and less dietary variety, along with higher plasma levels of uric acid. After 20-week intervention, normoglicemics, IFG and T2DM responded similarly to LISC. Both genders increased body fatness. Men increased fasting plasma insulin, saturated fatty acid intake, along with a decrease of vegetable oil intake while women showed a significant increase in HEI and dietary fiber intake and a trend to higher sugar and protein intake and lower vegetable oil intake. Overall T2DM decreased 68% from M0 (9.5%) to M1 (6.4%) of LISC.

Conclusion: Our data showed a significant difference in food composition on altered plasma glucose, and its further normalization with lifestyle intervention was independent of significant body weight and body fat changes.

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