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ISSN: 2329-8936

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Short Communication

Differential Gene Expression Studies: A Possible Way to Understand Bearing Habit in Fruit Crops

Nimisha Sharma1*, Sanjay Kumar Singh1, Nagendra Kumar Singh2, Manish Srivastav1, Bikram Pratap Singh2, Ajay Kumar Mahato2, Jai Prakash Singh1, Kishore Gaikwad2 and Tilok Rai Sharma2
1Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
2National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, New Delhi, 110012, India
Corresponding Author : Nimisha Sharma
Division of Fruits and Horticultural Technology
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
Tel: +911125843214
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: September 30, 2015 Accepted: October 14, 2015 Published: October 17, 2015
Citation: Sharma N, Singh Sk, Singh NK, Srivastav M, Singh BP, et al. (2015) Differential Gene Expression Studies: A Possible Way to Understand Bearing Habit in Fruit Crops.Transcriptomics 3:110. doi:10.4172/2329-8936.1000110
Copyright: © 2015 Sharma N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

India is still by far the major producer of various fruit crops, but its relative share in the world production has been gradually declining. Alternate bearer fruit cultivars present a serious economic problem to fruit growers. An alternate bearing plant is the one that does not bear a regular crop year-after-year; rather heavy yields are followed by extremely light yield. This complex phenomenon could be solved by transcriptome analysis resulted in numerous differentially expressed genes (DEGs), allowing the partial identification of mechanisms that convert ‘on’ into ‘off’ buds. Several candidate genes would be identified in future studies whose differential expression can be correlated with growth habit and architectural variation in another perennial fruit crops. The information generated will be utilized for identification of potential parents, desired hybrids in early nursery stage, thus would assist breeders by bringing precision breeding and also make available fruits during off years.

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