Directed Imagination: A Procedure for Improving Self-concept in Persons with Leprosy
|Pérez-Hernández Maria Gicela*, Velasco-Rodríguez Raymundo, Mora-Brambila Ana Bertha,Vázquez-Espinoza José Antonio, Maturano-Melgoza José Adrián, Hilerio-López Ángel Gabriel and Trujillo-Hernández Benjamín|
|Faculty of Nursing, Universidad de Colima, Colima, Mexico|
|Corresponding Author :||Maria Gicela Pérez Hernández
Universidad de Colima - Facultad de Enfermería
Av. Universidad 333, Col. Las Víboras; C.P. 28040, Colima, Colima, México
Tel and Fax: (01)-312- 3161069
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: May 22, 2015 Accepted: June 20, 2015 Published: June 28, 2015|
|Citation: Pérez –Hernández MG, Velasco-Rodríguez R, Mora-Brambila AB, Vázquez-Espinoza JA, Maturano-Melgoza JA, Hilerio-López AG and Trujillo-Hernández B (2015) Directed Imagination: A Procedure for Improving Self-concept in Persons with Leprosy. J Nurs Care 4:273. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000273|
|Copyright: © 2015 Gicela PHM et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: From the perspective of the Roy Adaptation Model, leprosy is seen as a focal stimulus with severe psychological repercussions that force persons to modify their behavior in order to avoid being rejected by the social stigma the disease creates, thus inducing in them an ineffective adaptive response of the self-concept mode. The aim of the present work was to describe the effect of the directed imagination technique at the adaptation level of the self-concept mode in persons with leprosy in Colima, Mexico during 2012.
Methods: A quantitative study with a pre-experimental, longitudinal, and prolective design was conducted. The sample was made up of 24 persons that were given a before-and-after self-concept test using the Viveros 03 instrument, which has a Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient of 0.8581. The technique of directed imagination was employed; this procedure promotes the adoption of desirable behavior through exercising the imagination. The Wilcoxon’s signed-rank test was used for confirming effectiveness and a p ≤ 0.05 was regarded as a statistically significant value.
Results: The resulting adaptation levels found in the self-concept mode were the following: in the pre-test, the integrated level was 91.7% (n=22); in the post-test the integrated level rose to 95.8% (n=23). The difference between both tests was significant (p= 0.007).
Conclusion: Based on these results, we conclude that the technique of directed imagination increased the adaptation level score of the self-concept mode in persons presenting with leprosy in Colima.