alexa Discrimination in Access to Recreation: An Associate of Hostile Attitudes Development among Christian Minority Children
ISSN: 2151-6219

Business and Economics Journal
Open Access

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Research Article

Discrimination in Access to Recreation: An Associate of Hostile Attitudes Development among Christian Minority Children

Asad Ullah*

The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Asad Ullah
The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Tel: 92919221144
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 21, 2016; Accepted Date: December 24, 2016; Published Date: December 31, 2016

Citation: Ullah A (2016) Discrimination in Access to Recreation: An Associate of Hostile Attitudes Development among Christian Minority Children. Bus Eco J 8: 278. doi: 10.4172/2151-6219.1000278

Copyright: © 2016 Ullah A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The paper aims at finding the role of discrimination in recreation institutions in development of hostile attitudes among Christian minority children. The study was carried in three Christian colonies namely Yousafabad Colony, Forest Colony and University Colony located in District Peshawar, Pakistan. A total of 205 children from age group 12-18 were randomly selected from total population of 365 children living in these colonies. The conceptual framework for the study includes independent variable (discrimination in recreation) and dependent variable (hostile attitude among minority children). Data was collected on an interview schedule based on a three level Likert scale to measure variables. Frequency and percentage (%) proportions were used for uni-variate analysis and chi-square test was used to test the association between independent and dependent variables. At bivariate level, children sentiment towards prejudice in choosing sport pattern on religious grounds (p=0.006), similar hindrances in recreational activities was founded highly significant (p=0.026), moreover recreation activities creates positive outcomes such as confidence and prejudice (p=0.000) and In addition social activities help to increase contact with people (p=0.000) were recommended in light of this study.


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