Disproportionality in Illinois Child Welfare: The Need for Improved Substance Abuse ServicesArthur Horton*
Lewis University, One University Parkway Drive Romeoville, IL, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Prof. Arthur Horton
One University Parkway Drive Romeoville, IL, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 14, 2013; Accepted date: December 27, 2013; Published date: December 30, 2013
Citation: Horton A (2013) Disproportionality in Illinois Child Welfare: The Need for Improved Substance Abuse Services. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2:146. doi:10.4172/2329-6488.1000146
Copyright: © 2013 Horton A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In 2007, African Americans children made up 19% of the population in Illinois yet they made up 59% of the population of children in foster care. They make up 34% of subjects of maltreatment investigations. This study examines community characteristics as determinants of the number of African American children that are in foster care and come from some of the 77 community areas in the city of Chicago. Of the hypothesized relations to the dependent variable-ward of the state-concentrated poverty as operationalized was positively related and statically significant. Other poverty indicators were not in the posited direction nor statistically significant. The level of education attainment was inversely related and statistically significant. The presence of African Americans in specific communities was positively related to foster care placement in Illinois. The adequacy of substance abuse service to the very poor population is also considered.