alexa DNA Biosensors-A Review
ISSN: 2155-9538

Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science
Open Access

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Review Article

DNA Biosensors-A Review

Kavita V*

Department of Microbiology, Gargi College, Siri Fort Road, New Delhi, India

*Corresponding Author:
Kavita V
Associate Professor
Department of Microbiology
Gargi College, Siri Fort Road
New Delhi 110049, India
Tel: 9811873144
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 20, 2017; Accepted Date: March 30, 2017; Published Date: April 5, 2017

Citation: Kavita V (2017) DNA Biosensors-A Review. J Bioengineer & Biomedical Sci 7: 222. doi:10.4172/2155-9538.1000222

Copyright: © 2017 Kavita V. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Recent advances in developing biosensors which are sensitive and specific have opened new opportunities for DNA biosensors. DNA biosensors, based on nucleic acid recognition methods, are being developed towards the assay of rapid, simple and economical testing of genetic and infectious diseases. Moreover, the detection of specific DNA sequence is of significance in numerous areas including clinical, environmental and food analysis. Advancements in technology like SELEX and SAM are being used to develop better detection methods (both Direct and Indirect detection) for DNA Biosensors. Unlike enzyme or antibodies, nucleic acid recognition layers can be readily synthesized and regenerated for multiple uses. DNA biosensors and gene chips are of major interest due to their great potential for obtaining sequence-specific information in a faster, simpler and cheaper manner compared to the traditional hybridization. Further, increase of interest to DNA based sensors can be expected in near future together with a commercial production of these devices and their extensive use. However, basic research is still necessary to

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