Do Practice Nurses in the Caribbean have the Knowledge of the Principles and Concepts of Diabetes Self-Management Education?
|Philip Onuoha1*, Denis Isreal-richardson1, Lu-Ann Caesar1, Chidum Ezenwaka1 and Michiko Moriyama2|
|1The Diabetes & Metabolism Research Group (DMRG), Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago|
|2Institute of Biomedical & Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Japan|
|Corresponding Author :||Philip Onuoha, PhD, MPH, BScN, RNT
RN Director (Ag.), The UWI School of Nursing
Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of The West Indies
Trinidad and Tobago
Tel: (868) 225-1027
PBX: (868) 225-1026
Fax: (868) 225-1885
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received June 22, 2014; Accepted August 18, 2014; Published August 21, 2014|
|Citation: Onuoha P, Isreal-richardson D, Caesar LA, Ezenwaka C, Moriyama M (2014) Do Practice Nurses in the Caribbean have the Knowledge of the Principles and Concepts of Diabetes Self-Management Education?. J Nurs Care 3:192. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000192|
|Copyright: © 2014 Onuoha P et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Aim: To compare the knowledge of practice nurses on principles and concepts of diabetes self-management education (DSME) before and after a DSME training workshop. Methods: All 150 practice nurses currently studying for a bachelor’s degree were invited for a 2-day DSME training workshop. 88 practice nurses (59%) responded. Each participant was requested to complete and return self-assessment questionnaires before and after the training. The pre- and post-workshop knowledge of the nurses were compared using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test for non-parametric tests in SPSS. Results: The practice nurses were aged between 20 and 62 years and the majority (95.1%) were employed in the public sector. Before the training, 98-100% of the participants knew and agreed with the five articulated princples of DSME and these did not change after the workshop training (all, p>0.05). Similarly, their understanding (96-100%) of the concepts of DSME before and after the training were similar (all, p>0.05). Conclusions: The practice nurses in Trinidad and Tobago have sufficient theoretical knowledge of the principles and concepts of DSME. The transfer of this knowledge to their patients in their care will depend on the educational infrastructure available to facilitate efficient DSME.