Does Childhood Physical Punishment Predispose to a Victim Personality
Kaj Björkqvist* and Karin Österman
Division of Developmental, Psychology Åbo Akademi University, Finland
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kaj Björkqvist
Division of Pediatrics
Åbo Akademi University
P.O.B. 311, FIN-65101
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: November 26, 2013; Accepted Date: January 28, 2014; Published Date: January 30, 2014
Citation: Björkqvist K, Österman K (2014) Does Childhood Physical Punishment Predispose to a “Victim Personality”? Pediat Therapeut 4:190. doi:10.4172/2161-0665.1000190
Copyright: ©2014 Björkqvist K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: In a previous study, victimization to childhood physical punishment (CPP) was found to be a risk factor for becoming also a victim of school bullying. This finding was replicated and investigated further in two separate studies with adolescents as subjects.
Study I: Finnish adolescents (N=1,247, 611 girls, 636 boys; M age=14.0, SD=0.9 yrs) served as subjects in a quantitative self report survey. A relationship was found between CPP and victimization to both traditional bullying and cyber aggression, but also between CPP and perpetration of cyber aggression. The finding prompted the need to include measures of perpetration of traditional school aggression into the study design.
Study II: In a follow-up survey (N=620, 296 girls, 324 boys; M age=13.1, SD=1.6 yrs), CPP was found to correlate with victimization to all measured forms of school aggression (physical, verbal, indirect, cyber), but also with perpetration of all of these.
Discussion: The results suggest that CPP may predispose to not only victimization but also to perpetration of school aggression. Different trajectories and intervening variables need to be investigated in future research.