Does Temperature Affect Homicide Rate?
|Geography Department, University of Allahabad, Allahabad-211002, India|
|Corresponding Author :||Ashutosh Mishra
Geography Department, University of Allahabad
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: November 20, 2014 Accepted: January 22, 2015 Published: January 26, 2015|
|Citation: Mishra A (2015) Does Temperature Affect Homicide Rate?. J Climatol Weather Forecasting 3:132. doi:10.4172/2332-2594.1000132|
|Copyright: © 2015 Mishra A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Crime is an act against law and thus is a punishable offence. Crime varies over space and time. Among all crime types, murder is the most cruel and inhumane which do an irreparable damage to the society. Present study attempts to analyse the trend and pattern of homicide and its various determinants. Social heterogeneity and weather- more specifically temperature, are considered to be most influencing in catalysing aggression and murder. The study tries to evaluate the linkages between these factors by examining the correlation between homicide and income and poverty level, level of urbanisation, and temperature in India over a 13-year span of time. Results show that while poverty, urbanisation and income level do not affect the homicide significantly in unidirectional manner, temperature does affects the pattern of murder incidences. Interestingly the regions which have witnessed warming trend during the past decade, are also the areas of high and increasing homicide rates.