alexa Drug Utilization Pattern in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Descriptive Study in Tertiary Care Settings in Pakistan
ISSN: 0975-0851

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability
Open Access

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Research Article

Drug Utilization Pattern in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Descriptive Study in Tertiary Care Settings in Pakistan

Zafar F1, Ali H1, Naveed S2*, Korai OU3, Rizvi M1, Naqvi GR3 and Siddiqui S1

1Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University Karachi, Pakistan

2Jinnah University for Women, Pakistan

3Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Naveed S
Jinnah University for Women
Karachi, Pakistan
Tel: 0300-2621917
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 25, 2014; Accepted Date: January 02, 2014; Published Date: January 06,2015

Citation: Zafar F, Ali H, Naveed S, Korai OU, Rizvi M, et al. (2015) Drug Utilization Pattern in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Descriptive Study in Tertiary Care Settings in Pakistan. J Bioequiv Availab 7:059-062. doi: 10.4172/jbb.1000215

Copyright: © 2015 Zafar F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The correct use of cardiovascular drugs in patients has been shown to decrease the risk associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the drug utilization pattern in cardiovascular diseases. For this purpose we conducted this study in various tertiary care setups located in various areas of Karachi, from January to March, 2014. We collected the data from 100 patients having different age groups. The collected data was assessed to determine the prescribing trends. Results indicated that hypertension and ischemic heart diseases were mostly diagnosed and mostly diseases were treated by giving the drugs in combinations. The use of Beta Blockers, Diuretics, Calcium Channel Blockers and Angiotensin Converting Enzymes (ACE) inhibitors was very common. Also prescribing errors related to dosing frequency and prescribed dose were also determined. Results were analyzed with SPSS 20 using Chi square model to calculate the study outcome. Furthermore standard error and statistical variance for the given data is also calculated by descriptive analytical procedure. Present study will help the health practitioners to optimize the appropriate use of cardiovascular drugs.


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