alexa Drusen Imaging: A Review
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

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Review Article

Drusen Imaging: A Review

Allan A. Hunter1,#, Eric K. Chin2,#,*, David R.P. Almeida2 and David G. Telander3
1Vision Center, Fresno, CA, USA
2University of Iowa, Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, Iowa City, IA, USA
3Sacramento Retinal Consultants, Sacramento, CA, USA
#Authors made equal contribution to the publication
Corresponding Author : Eric K. Chin, M.D.
University of Iowa, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences
200 Hawkins Dr., Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Tel: (319) 356-2864
Fax: (319) 356-0363
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 30, 2013; Accepted: February 19, 2014; Published: February 26, 2014
Citation: Hunter AA, Chin EK, Almeida DRP, Telander DG (2014) Drusen Imaging: A Review. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 5:327. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000327
Copyright: © 2014 Hunter AA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Drusen represent the hallmark of non-exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Drusen vary in their location within the retina, ranging from sub-retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) drusen and sub-neurosensory retinal drusenoid deposits above the RPE (or pseudo-drusen). In this paper, we review the rapidly advancing imaging techniques currently available to better correlate drusen volume to clinical stage. This includes, but is not limited to, fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, infrared imaging, fundus autofluorescence, confocal adaptive-optics imaging, and hyperspectral retinal imaging. A new understanding of drusen role in the pathogenesis of the disease may be possible with these imaging modalities in future clinical studies.


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