Duck Farming, Fascinating Option in India
Dharmendra Singh Rajput, Shiv Pratap Singh, Sudipta Ghosh* and Nema RP
Department of Livestock Production and Management, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Sudipta Ghosh
Department of Livestock Production and Management
College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 24, 2014; Accepted date: July 25, 2014; Published date: July 28, 2014
Citation: Rajput DS, Singh SP, Ghosh S, Nema RP (2014) Duck Farming, Fascinating Option in India. J Veterinar Sci Technol 5:181. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000181
Copyright: © 2014 Rajput DS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Duck rising is a lucrative livestock industry in the globe because of its egg, meat and feather. Like chicken, ducks are reared for eggs and meat. As per livestock census 2007, the duck population of India is 27.43 million constituting 8.52 percent of the totalpoultry population. The distribution and demographic dynamics of duck population revealed that they are concentrated in Eastern, North eastern and Southern states of the country. Duck farming in India is characterized by nomadic, extensive, seasonal,and is still held in the hands of small and marginal farmers and nomadic tribes. There are three systems of duck rearing i.e., free range system, Confined system and Indoor system. Duck can also be reared integrated with other farming such as fish farming and/or paddy cultivation. Duck feeds on insect, snails, kitchen waste, paddy grains and weeds are the food sources for ducks in addition to the feed received from foraging. But for better production extra feed supplements is necessary. Grower stage of duckup to 16 weeks of age and after that laying starts. The age at first egg and 50 percent egg production are 120, 140 days and the annual egg number is 320 eggs for Khaki Campbell ducks in intensive farming. The desirable sex ratio for good fertility andhatchability for ducks is 1:6 for intensive rearing and 1:15-20 for extensive rearing system. Ducks are more vigorous and less subject to diseases than chicken and turkeys. For better disease prevention vaccination is necessary.