alexa Dynamics of Culture and Health: Perceived Behavioral Control and Differences in Smoking Behavior between Arab and Jewish Cardiac Patients in Israel
ISSN: 2167-0358

Journal of Socialomics
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Research Article

Dynamics of Culture and Health: Perceived Behavioral Control and Differences in Smoking Behavior between Arab and Jewish Cardiac Patients in Israel

Vilchinsky Noa1, Soskolne Varda2*, Taha-Fahoum Amal 3 and Shehadeh Jeries4
1Department of Psychology, Bar-Ilan University Ramat Gan, Israel; Email: [email protected]
2 School of Social Work, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel; Email: [email protected]
3Sakhnin College for Teachers' Education, Sakhnin, 20173, Israel; Email: [email protected]
4Department of Cardiology, Zevoulon, Haifa, 27053 and Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, 27053, Israel; Email: [email protected]
Corresponding Author : Varda Soskolne
Professor, School of Social Work
Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900
Israel
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: January 04, 2016 Accepted: January 14, 2016 Published: January 18, 2016
Citation:Soskolne V (2016) Dynamics of Culture and Health: Perceived Behavioural Control and Differences in Smoking Behavior between Arab and Jewish Cardiac Patients in Israel. J Socialomics 5:146. doi:10.41 72/2167-0358.1000146
Copyright: © 2016 Soskolne V. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Objective: Based on the concept of perceived behavioral control, we explored the extent to which internal perceived behavioral control [self-efficacy] and external perceived behavioral control [fatalism] contribute to explaining differences in smoking cessation between Arab and Jewish cardiac patients in Israel. Design: In a cross-sectional study of retrospective quota samples of 100 Arab and 100 Jewish male patients, diagnosed with a major cardiac event were interviewed. The questionnaire included demographic background, patients' smoking behavior, Bandura's self-efficacy scale, and a fatalism scale. Results: Of those who smoked before the cardiac event, half [50%, n = 39] of the Arab patients continued to smoke compared with only 19.4% [n = 12] of the Jewish patients. Arab patients reported significantly lower levels of self-efficacy and higher levels of fatalism. Fatalism, but not self-efficacy was significantly associated with continuation of smoking. In multivariate analysis, population group remained the only variable significantly associated with cessation of smoking. Conclusion: The persistence of differences between the two cardiac patient groups suggests that culturally sensitive smoking cessation interventions should be designed for each population and that additional putative explanatory variables should be further examined.

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