alexa Dysphagia: A Symptom Not a Disease
ISSN: 2471-8726

Oral Health Case Reports
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Review Article

Dysphagia: A Symptom Not a Disease

Vidya K Lohe1* and Ravindra P Kadu2

1Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital, DMIMS (DU), Maharashtra, India

2Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital DMIMS (DU), Maharashtra, India

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Vidya K Lohe
Associate Professor, Department of Oral Medicine
and Radiology, Sharad Pawar Dental College and
Hospital, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences (DU)
Sawangi, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
Tel: 9960445040
Fax: 07152287731
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: February 15, 2016; Accepted date: May 26, 2016; Published date: May 30, 2016

Citation: Lohe VK, Kadu RP (2016) Dysphagia: A Symptom Not a Disease. Oral health case Rep 2:117. doi:10.4172/2471-8726.1000117

Copyright: © 2016 Lohe VK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Dysphagia is difficulty in swallowing food semi-solid or solid, liquid, or both. There are many disorder conditions predisposing to dysphagia such as mechanical strokes or esophageal diseases even if neurological diseases represent the principal one. Cerebrovascular pathology is today the leading cause of death in developing countries, and it occurs most frequently in individuals who are at least 60 years old. Patients with dysphagia may walk into dental clinic and because dysphagia is a symptom not a disease, it is a practicing dentist’s duty to recognize the underlying cause and then take treatment decisions. Among the most frequent complications of dysphagia are increased mortality and aspiration pneumonia, dehydration, malnutrition, and long-term hospitalization. This review article discusses the pathophysiology, classification, evaluation, investigations and treatment modalities of dysphagia

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