alexa Early Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in School Children:
ISSN: 2329-8790

Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases
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Research Article

Early Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in School Children: A Qatari Experience

Aliaa Amer*, Marawan Abu-Madi, Mohamed El Dabbagh, Madeeha Kamal, Fatma Shebl, Sheikha Al Marzouqi, Sumaya Al Mulla,
Marriam Osman and Wafa’a Abdulsalam
Department of Pathology, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
Corresponding Author : Aliaa Amer
Consultant, Lab Med and Pathology
Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar
Tel: +974-44392575
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 10, 2015; Accepted March 12, 2015; Published March 20, 2015
Citation: Amer A, Abu-Madi M, Dabbagh ME, Kamal M, Shebl F, et al. (2015) Early Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in School Children: A Qatari Experience. J Hematol Thrombo Dis 3:195. doi:10.4172/2329-8790.1000195
Copyright: © 2015 Amer A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Objective: Iron deficiency still remains the most common nutritional deficiency throughout the world and is the leading cause of anaemia in children. Early recognition of iron deficiency, even before the development of anaemia is crucial to prevent the systemic complications of this disease. Methods: Ninety-seven school children between 5 and 16 years were stratified into prelatent iron deficiency (10 cases), latent iron deficiency (14 cases), overt iron deficiency anemia (13 cases), and controls (60 cases). All hemograms were performed on the same day of collection using the same Sysmex XE-2100 analyzer with reticulocyte indices included. Biochemical markers such serum iron, total iron binding capacity and percent saturation (calculated) in addition to serum ferritin and serum transferrin receptors were simultaneously measured. Data analysis was done using ANOVA test, generalized linear regression, and ROC curve. Results: Our study indicates that a panel based on hematologic parameters including reticulocyte hemoglobin at a cut off of ≤27 and ≤25.6, serum transferrin receptors at a cut off >0.48 and >0.68, red cell distribution width at a cut off >13.8 and >16.8 may provide an alternative to the traditional biochemical panels for the diagnosis of latent iron deficiency and overt iron deficiency anemia respectively. Conclusion: Whenever iron deficiency is thought of, a hemogram including reticulocyte hemoglobin and serum transferrin receptors would be the adequate diagnostic panel obviating the need for a more extensive one. These parameters should always be interpreted in the clinical context involving dietary habits, social standard as well as family history.

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