alexa Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in Accordance with the Tokyo Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cholangitis and Cholecystitis
ISSN: 2327-5146

General Medicine: Open Access
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Research Article

Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in Accordance with the Tokyo Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cholangitis and Cholecystitis

Kiyoshi Kawaguchi1*, Nobuo Seo1, Keiji Ohota1, Masahiro Urayama1, Ryo Toya1 and Wataru Kimura2
1Department of Surgery, Yamagata Saisei Hospital, 79-1 Okimachi, Yamagata, 990-8545, Japan
2First Department of Surgery (Department of Gastroenterological, General, Breast and Thyroid Surgery), Yamagata University Faculty of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan
Corresponding Author : Kiyoshi Kawaguchi
Department of Surgery, Yamagata Saisei Hospital
79-1 Okimachi, Yamagata, 990-8545, Japan
Tel: +81-23-628-5336
Fax: +81-23-628-5339
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 07, 2013; Accepted December 19, 2013; Published December 27, 2013
Citation: Kawaguchi K, Seo N, Ohota K, Urayama M, Toya R, et al. (2013) Early Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in Accordance with the Tokyo Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cholangitis and Cholecystitis. Gen Med (Los Angel) 2:127. doi: 10.4172/2327-5146.1000127
Copyright: © 2013 Kawaguchi K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Aims: To determine if early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis, performed in accordance with the Tokyo Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cholangitis and Cholecystitis, was more effective than delayed LC. Methodology: We compared surgical difficulties, clinical courses and complications between 32 patients undergoing delayed LC and 30 undergoing early LC. Results: Delayed LC was associated with more surgical difficulties than early LC, including severe adhesion of the greater omentum (15/32 vs. 1/30), severe cicatrization of Calot’s triangle (15/32 vs. 3/30), inability to identify or skeletonize the cystic duct (18/32 vs. 3/30), and severe cicatrization of the gallbladder bed (27/32 vs. 1/30). Delayed LC was also associated with longer operating times (163 vs. 93 minutes), more conversions to open surgery (7/32 vs. 0/30), more complications (3/32 vs. 1/30), and longer hospitalization (30.5 vs. 10.2 days). Most early LCs was performed during overtime. Conclusions: Despite the retrospective nature of this study, the results demonstrated that changing treatment for acute cholecystitis from delayed to early LC, in accordance with the Tokyo Guidelines, could effectively reduce operation time, duration of symptoms and hospital stay, and thus be of significant benefit to patients. Further, prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.

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