alexa Echocardiographic Abnormalities in Patients with HIV Infection at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana | OMICS International
ISSN: 2329-9126

Journal of General Practice
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Research Article

Echocardiographic Abnormalities in Patients with HIV Infection at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana

Isaac Kofi Owusu1,2* and Bright Oppong2
1Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2Department of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana
Corresponding Author : Isaac Kofi Owusu
Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences
College of Health Sciences
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Tel: +233 244 56 57 02, +233 206 42 00 59
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 24, 2013; Accepted February 17, 2014; Published February 25, 2014
Citation: Owusu IK, Oppong B (2014) Echocardiographic Abnormalities in Patients with HIV Infection at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana. J Gen Pract 2:148. doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000148
Copyright: © 2014 Owusu, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a global public health issue and a major problem in sub-
Saharan Africa. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study designed to determine the prevalence of
cardiovascular abnormalities in HIV positive patients using echocardiography. The study was carried out at the
Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. Treatment naïve HIV positive patients aged between 16
and 82 years were recruited from the HIV clinic using simple random sampling. Disease history documentation,
physical examination and trans-thoracic echocardiography were performed on all study participants. Two hundred
(200) patients were studied. They were aged between 16 and 82 years with the mean age (± SD) of 40.6 (± 10.5)
years. There were more females (74.5%; n=149) than males (25.5%; n=51). The overall prevalence of
cardiovascular abnormalities was 55.5% (n=111). The cardiovascular abnormalities seen were pulmonary
hypertension (38.50%), dilated cardiomyopathy (34%), pericardial effusion (23.50%), left ventricular systolic
dysfunction (17.50 %) and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (9.50%). Moderate pericardial effusion was seen in
9.5% of the patients whilst minimal pericardial effusion was seen in 14%. No patient was seen with severe
pericardial effusion. For the patients with pulmonary hypertension, the mean (± SD) right ventricular systolic
pressure (RVSP) was 51.5 (± 7.8) mmHg, (range; 40-70 mmHg). In conclusion, there was a high prevalence of
cardiovascular abnormalities among adult HIV positive patients attending the HIV clinic at KATH, Kumasi, Ghana.
The main cardiovascular abnormalities were pulmonary hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy and pericardial
effusion.

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