Echocardiographic Changes in Patients with ESRD on Maintenance Hemodialysis-A Single Centre Study
|Singh Shivendra1*, Doley PK2, Pragya P2, Sivasankar M2, Singh VP2 and Singh Neelam3|
|1Assistant Professor Dept. of Nephrology, IMS, BHU|
|2Senior Resident, Dept. of Nephrology, IMS, BHU|
|3Medical Officer, Centre of Clinical Investigations, IMS, BHU|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr. Shivendra Singh
Department Of Nephrology
IMS, BHU, Varanasi, UP, India
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received May 29, 2014; Accepted June 07, 2014; Published June 14, 2014|
|Citation: Shivendra S, Doley PK, Pragya P, Sivasankar M, Singh VP, et al. (2014) Echocardiographic Changes in Patients with ESRD on Maintenance Hemodialysis-A Single Centre Study. J Cardiovasc Dis Diagn 2:165. doi: 10.4172/2329-9517.1000165|
|Copyright: © 2014 Shivendra Singh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Objective: To evaluate and analyze the echocardiographic changes in end stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis.
Material and methods: End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on maintenance hemodialysis for at least 3 months were included in the study. We performed M-mode echocardiography in 35 ESRD patients during interdialytic period usually after 18 hours, without obvious clinical evidence of coronary artery disease, valvular heart disease, congenital heart disease and pericardial effusion.
Results: Echocardiography revealed LV dilation and diastolic dysfunction in 18 (51.2%), left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in 17 (48%), systolic dysfunction and pericardial effusion in 10 (28.57%) and 6 (17.14%) patients respectively. RWMA was present in 8.5% and valvular calcification was not seen in our patient group. In sub-group of patients with Hb<10 gm%, LVH was present in 71.42% (15) vs 14.28% (2) in patient group with Hb ≥ 10 gm% (p=0.002). Hypertensive patient population also had higher prevalence of LVH (51.85%)] and systolic dysfunction and RWMA was absent in normotensive group.
Conclusion: LV diastolic dysfunction and hypertrophy were most common echocardiographic findings. There was statistically significant correlation between anemia and presence of LVH and positive correlation between presence of hypertension and LVH.