Ecological and Functional Evaluation of Species Candidate for Heavy Metals Phytoremediation in SIN Porto Torres (Sardinia, Italy)
Guarino C* and Sciarrillo R
Department of Science and Technology, University of Sannio, via Port’Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, Italy
- *Corresponding Author:
- Carmine Guarino
Department of Science and Technology
University of Sannio, via Port’Arsa 11, 82100 Benevento, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 15, 2017; Accepted Date: June 20, 2017; Published Date: June 26, 2017
Citation: Guarino C, Sciarrillo R (2017) Ecological and Functional Evaluation of Species Candidate for Heavy Metals Phytoremediation in SIN Porto Torres (Sardinia, Italy). J Environ Anal Toxicol 7:484. doi: 10.4172/2161-0525.1000484
Copyright: © 2017 Guarino C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The pollution of metals and metalloids in soils caused by industrial activities is a major issue and invests the whole planet earth. The area we investigated is present in the Petrochemical of Porto Torres (Sardinia-Italy), which has an extension of about 1100 ha, is located along the northwest coast of Sardinia, about 1.8 km west of the town and with a surface contamination (0-50 cm depth) from As, Tl and V. The aim of this study is the investigation of spontaneous species present in the areas and the possibility to find some species among those useful to the phytoremediation. We also evaluate (mesocosm) some species that spontaneously live in the Porto Torres area but not on the area under consideration such as Dittrichia viscosa and Piptatherum miliaceum which, according to literature data, showed a good attitude towards phytoremediation. In conclusion, Dittrichia viscosa, Piptatherum miliaceum and Bromus madritensis are good candidates to build a phytoremediation design.