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ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
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Research Article

Educational Interventions and Glycemic Control: Integrative Review

Capellari Claudia*, Pinheiro da Costa Bartira E, Larre Anne, Pasin Debora, Cardoso Angelica, Vasconcelos Luísa de and Figueiredo Ana E

Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil

*Corresponding Author:
Capellari Claudia
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul – PUCRS
1673. Av. Ipiranga, 6681 Partenon - Porto Alegre, Brazil
Tel: +55 51 81715941
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 02, 2016; Accepted date: June 09, 2016; Published date: June 15, 2016

Citation: Capellari C, Pinheiro da Costa BE, Anne L, Debora P, Angelica C, et al. (2016) Educational Interventions and Glycemic Control: Integrative Review. J Diabetes Metab 7:675. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000675

Copyright: © 2016 Capellari C, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Glycemic control is an important factor for individuals with diabetes prevent complications such as vascular and kidney disease. Educational interventions carried out by the health team, have the potential to support the necessary change in lifestyle, adherence to treatment and a restrictive diet. The aim of this review was to investigate the educational interventions, related to glycemic control in patients with diabetes, published by health professionals in the past 10 years. The following databases were queried: Nursing Database (BDENF); Literature in the Health Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean (LILACS); Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE); Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO); Education Resources Information Center (ERIC); and, American Psychological Association (PsycINFO). The descriptors used for the search were "Diabetes" AND "self-care" AND "health education", and the period ranged from 2005 to 2015. The initial search resulted in 856 articles, which have gone through both title and summary and, then, to complete reading. After this phase, 11 articles were selected for a comprehensive review. The most cited professional in the intervention with patients was the nurse, in 09 of the 11 studies. Interventions included meeting groups, individual appointments, telephone coaching, advice by e-mail or website with informational material. Health education was predominant in all of them, and the recurring themes covered: disease knowledge, diet, glucose selfmonitoring and physical exercise. Follow-up time was of 06-36 months. The glycated hemoglobin was reduced in 09 out of the 11 articles. In conclusion, we can say that multidisciplinary interventions of health education are powerful tools for the greatest benefit to the patient, providing necessary support for coping with the disease.

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